Gut inflammation and stool tests overview

The gut’s immune system is ultimately responsible for maintaining a healthy gut free of infection or infestation. It must accomplish this task while at the same time being unresponsive to food and helpful bacteria (1). Gastrointestinal inflammation etiology is largely infection such as via parasite. However, modern lifestyles have increasingly been harassed by new chronicContinue reading “Gut inflammation and stool tests overview”

Kid Nutrition

Nutritional and energy needs for a child differs profoundly from that of an adult because of a child’s continual growth and development. A child is in greater need of nutrient-dense foods–although not to the extent as infants–and requires more energy for basal metabolic rate, physical activity and thermic effect of food. Energy needs are highestContinue reading “Kid Nutrition”

Somatic Protein Status

Protein status is assessed by evaluating both somatic and visceral protein status. Somatic protein status is a measure of the protein in skeletal muscle while visceral protein status is a measure of all other proteins (organs, viscera, serum, blood cells, white blood cells). Evaluation of somatic protein status can generally be performed using muscle circumferenceContinue reading “Somatic Protein Status”

Energy needs of healthy term and high-risk infant

The infant, despite whether healthy term or high-risk, will require energy for BMR, thermic effect of food, physical activity, maintenance, growth and for energy lost in feces and urine. There is also energy needed just to maintain body temperature until the early extrauterine period passes. The newborn requires approximately 108 kcal/kg for about six monthsContinue reading “Energy needs of healthy term and high-risk infant”

Protein-deficient diet and teratogenicity

One interesting detail I came across while researching teratogens is that a protein-deficient diet may enhance the effects of xenobiotics in general. For example, dietary protein deficiency along with exposure to inorganic arsenic through injection in mice was found to increase risk of birth defects, possibly because of lack of methyl donors for arsenic methylationContinue reading “Protein-deficient diet and teratogenicity”

Caffeine and pregnancy

I was shocked to learn that FDA in 1980 had determined that caffeine in amounts exceeding 300 mg could potentially be teratogenic (1). Teratogens are agents that cause fetal malformations or birth defects. Good thing caffeine does not harm the fetus when taken in smaller amounts, despite evidence in rats to the contrary (1-2). However,Continue reading “Caffeine and pregnancy”

Cannabis Teratogenicity

Cannabis sativa’s psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) has not been established as a human teratogen (1), but there is a history of teratogenic effects linked to use by expectant mothers (2). The perinatal exposure is thought to interfere with neurodevelopment and affect neurobehavorial outcomes (1-2). Although the teratogenicity of marijuana is not as catastrophic as other illicitContinue reading “Cannabis Teratogenicity”

When you’re eating for twins or more

Nutritional needs soar when you have a multiple pregnancy. According to Barbara Luke from University of Miami, the mother has a “greater nutritional drain” on her body. Because of quicker glycogen depletion that might slow fetal growth rate, Luke suggests a diabetic regimen with caloric ratio of 40% carbs, 20% protein, and 40% fat. InContinue reading “When you’re eating for twins or more”

Eggs for Pregnancy

Eggs, considered a nutritional powerhouse, is an excellent food to recommend to these women during pregnancy. According to Niva Shapira of Tel-Aviv University in Israel, eggs can provide various nutrients, vitamins and minerals that are also found in human milk and that support peak brain development (1). If those eggs are also produced in suchContinue reading “Eggs for Pregnancy”

Low-fat vs low-carb and Med-diet

On July 17, 2008, a study was published (1) that I believe should change how nutritionists and dietitians would look at the current Dietary Guide for Americans, the Food Guide Pyramid and the whole concept of a “heart-healthy” low-fat diet as recommended by the American Heart Association. The paradigm-shift study was a 2-year intervention trialContinue reading “Low-fat vs low-carb and Med-diet”