High doses of B vitamins slow rate of shrinking brain

Unfortunately, getting older comes with a common consequence affecting up to 16 percent of elderly people – gradual reduction in brain size, which is associated with problems in learning and memory. However, a new study reports that daily supplementation with high doses of B vitamins may help slow the rate of brain degeneration. Oxford researchersContinue reading “High doses of B vitamins slow rate of shrinking brain”

What are the different kinds of seizures

About 2.5 million people in North America have active epilepsy, leaving them susceptible to seizures. However, not all epileptic seizures are the same. They can range in intensity from non-serious to seriously life-threatening. During a seizure, a person may lose a certain degree of consciousness, called impaired consciousness, and may also experience an episode ofContinue reading “What are the different kinds of seizures”

What are the differences between types of headaches

If there’s one thing that will give you a headache, it’s trying to remember all of the different kinds of headaches are, and what are their causes or what are they associated with, which can involve simply drinking too much, smoking, stress or fatigue to food poisoning, fever, carbon monoxide poisoning, hypothyroidism, and so on.Continue reading “What are the differences between types of headaches”

High doses of B vitamins may slow brain shrinkage and support memory

Unfortunately, getting older comes with a common consequence affecting up to 16 percent of elderly people – gradual reduction in brain size, which is associated with problems in learning and memory. However, a new study reports that daily supplementation with high doses of B vitamins may help slow the rate of brain degeneration. Oxford researchersContinue reading “High doses of B vitamins may slow brain shrinkage and support memory”

The four reactions of beta-oxidation

Fatty acid oxidation is dependent on entry of fatty acids into the mitochondria, which provides substrate for beta-oxidation in the mitochondrial matrix. The fatty acids are transported in as acylcarnitines. Step 1 in beta-oxidation happens when a fatty acyl CoA that’s made at the inner surface of the inner mitochondrial membraine is oxidized by acyl-CoAContinue reading “The four reactions of beta-oxidation”

What are phytates and how do they affect absorption of minerals?

You’ve heard that spinach has a lot of iron, right? But what you may not know is that spinach is a poor way to get iron because of its content of phytate. Some of the iron in spinach is bound to phytate. Most of the iron you get is absorbed in the small intestine’s duodenum. ItContinue reading “What are phytates and how do they affect absorption of minerals?”

What’s the difference between systemic, essential and secondary hypertension?

Our arteries are origins of potential disease and death. Most of arterial disease happens through sclerosis, or a hardening of the arteries. Previously we called this arteriocleoris, but that’s too general. So now, sclerosis is defined as either medial calcific sclerosis, hypertensive vascular disease or atherosclerosis. Hypertensive vascular disease, in particular, is also called arteriosclerosisContinue reading “What’s the difference between systemic, essential and secondary hypertension?”

Thrombosis and thromboembolism

When there’s a problem in normal blood flow, we call it a hemodynamic disorder. They are caused when there’s an overcoagulation of blood forming a thrombus in side a vessel. The process is called thrombosis, which can also result in embolism or infarction. When a thrombus forms, it’s made up of platelets, erythrocytes, leukocytes andContinue reading “Thrombosis and thromboembolism”

Blood: Circulating Life

Blood is a fluid that is made up of plasma and elements, which includes erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets. At times the plasma volume and concentration can be affected as in fluid and electrolyte imbalances, but other times blood coagulation can have its disorders. When elements are produced in the blood, we call this hemopoiesis. HemopoiesisContinue reading “Blood: Circulating Life”