Evolving Health

When your cells are in a low-energy state, they are hungry. Free glucose is converted to glucose 6-phosphate (G6P) by hexokinase/glucokinase (1). The reaction requires an investment of 1 ATP molecule,...

When fasting (meaning, in this case, not eating any carbohydrates), the pancreas releases a polypeptide hormone, glucagon, that stimulates gluconeogenesis in the liver (1). Glucagon functions via a regulating bifunctional enzyme...

Normally what you need before you can start up aerobic respiration in the mitochondria is a multienzyme complex known as pyruvate dehydrogenase complex—of which the main enzyme is pyruvate decarboxylase. The...

Now that I’m off antibiotics it’s time for probiotics. Considering that there are around 500 species of bacteria in our guts, it’s worth noting that in the future we shouldn’t question...

My mother always used to tell me to chew my food. Did she know that salivary alpha-amylase was hydrolyzing carbohydrates in my mouth? She probably had a good idea. Still, I...

Enterohepatic circulation is the process of secretion and reabsorption of bile (1;2). When you eat a fatty meal, your gallbladder secretes bile to convert large fat globules to small droplets called...

I’ve always thought it a little disgusting to drink a liquid that squirts out from another animal’s mammary gland, but research suggests my European ancestors have been doing so for centuries....

It’s too bad anti-inflammation drugs, cortisone, steroids and immune system suppressors have to be used with this disease. Fish oil enjoys fame for helping to reduce inflammation in joints (1-2), which...

You should quit smoking no matter what for all its ill effects, but according to a just-released report, smoking might actually help with symptoms of ulcerative colitis (1). In fact, patients...

Kapidex is good news. FDA just approved it to help heal esophagaeal damage related to GERD (1). The drug features what scientists are calling “new-generation” acid-pump antagonists, which bind to proton...