Omega-3 Overview and Book Review of "Queen of Fats" by Susan Allport

You can’t swing a dead fish these days without hearing about its good fats. The term “omega-3” is now well known throughout the world of nutrition, but this wasn’t always so. Science writer Susan Allport accomplishes the task of chronicling the discovery and rise to stardom of omega-3 oils in The Queen of Fats: WhyContinue reading “Omega-3 Overview and Book Review of "Queen of Fats" by Susan Allport”

NSI Determine Checklists – Grandma and me

Grandma My grandma, 79, scored a 6 on the NSI Determine Checklist, which puts her at “high nutritional risk.” Her eating habits are affected by GERD and she tries to avoid any processed foods high in sodium because of hypertension. She also eats alone most of the time and eats fewer than two meals perContinue reading “NSI Determine Checklists – Grandma and me”

Family influence on meals

My thoughts after reading “A Review of Family Meal Influence on Adolescents’ Dietary Intake” by Sarah Woodruff and Rhona Hanning: It’s pretty easy to imagine why having dinner with one’s family would instill positive nutritional habits. Even the word family exudes in its meaning what goes further to credit an environment of caring and, aboveContinue reading “Family influence on meals”

Kid Nutrition

Nutritional and energy needs for a child differs profoundly from that of an adult because of a child’s continual growth and development. A child is in greater need of nutrient-dense foods–although not to the extent as infants–and requires more energy for basal metabolic rate, physical activity and thermic effect of food. Energy needs are highestContinue reading “Kid Nutrition”

Energy needs of healthy term and high-risk infant

The infant, despite whether healthy term or high-risk, will require energy for BMR, thermic effect of food, physical activity, maintenance, growth and for energy lost in feces and urine. There is also energy needed just to maintain body temperature until the early extrauterine period passes. The newborn requires approximately 108 kcal/kg for about six monthsContinue reading “Energy needs of healthy term and high-risk infant”

Protein-deficient diet and teratogenicity

One interesting detail I came across while researching teratogens is that a protein-deficient diet may enhance the effects of xenobiotics in general. For example, dietary protein deficiency along with exposure to inorganic arsenic through injection in mice was found to increase risk of birth defects, possibly because of lack of methyl donors for arsenic methylationContinue reading “Protein-deficient diet and teratogenicity”

Caffeine and pregnancy

I was shocked to learn that FDA in 1980 had determined that caffeine in amounts exceeding 300 mg could potentially be teratogenic (1). Teratogens are agents that cause fetal malformations or birth defects. Good thing caffeine does not harm the fetus when taken in smaller amounts, despite evidence in rats to the contrary (1-2). However,Continue reading “Caffeine and pregnancy”

Cannabis Teratogenicity

Cannabis sativa’s psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) has not been established as a human teratogen (1), but there is a history of teratogenic effects linked to use by expectant mothers (2). The perinatal exposure is thought to interfere with neurodevelopment and affect neurobehavorial outcomes (1-2). Although the teratogenicity of marijuana is not as catastrophic as other illicitContinue reading “Cannabis Teratogenicity”