How to move nutrition science forward

Best known for fathering modern nutrition in the United States, for pioneering nutrition research and education in the country, and for having developed the system of measuring energy in food that is used throughout the world today, a lesser known fact about USDA’s first chief of nutritional investigations Wilbur Olin Atwater was that he alsoContinue reading “How to move nutrition science forward”

In defense of better junk food

Not too long ago, I had the luck of joining a small group of food scientists in touring P.F. Chang’s headquarters, in Scottsdale, Ariz. We were led through a maze of test kitchens and that’s where I came to appreciate how the restaurant company decides what ends up on their menus. Our tour guide wasContinue reading “In defense of better junk food”

Good insulin, bad insulin: Its role in obesity?

Gary Taubes makes insulin out to be a bad guy. In his latest article in Newsweek Magazine commenting on HBO’s Weight of the Nation documentary, he once again challenges energy balance (energy intake versus energy expended) as a paradigm for understanding obesity. The author of Good Calories, Bad Calories offers an alternative theory: refined sugars and grains trigger insulin,Continue reading “Good insulin, bad insulin: Its role in obesity?”

BMI puts young Asian-American women at risk of being "skinny fat"

As if we needed any more reason to pick on Body Mass Index (BMI): new research finds that this most accepted approach for assessing overweight and obesity based on height and weight could lead to misclassification of young Asian-American women as healthy when they’re really “skinny fat,” which could put them at greater risk forContinue reading “BMI puts young Asian-American women at risk of being "skinny fat"”

How to fight "job-esity"

Workplace programs are an effective and worthwhile way for employers to help improve the health of their employees and reduce medical costs, scientists said Tuesday at Experimental Biology 2012 in San Diego at a session organized by the American Society for Nutrition.  The medical expenses for employees who are obese are estimated at about 42 percentContinue reading “How to fight "job-esity"”

Beyond calories in, calories out — look to the Amish

What is wrong with “eat less, move more”? Most of us are familiar with this mantra as weight-loss advice. However, a new consensus statement from the American Society for Nutrition (ASN) and the International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI) contends that this energy-in-energy-out framework isn’t really so simple. The problem lies in that consuming fewer caloriesContinue reading “Beyond calories in, calories out — look to the Amish”

Safe weight loss for seniors through diet and exercise

In the United States, the number of obese older adults has reached disturbing heights—now affecting approximately 20 percent of those ages 65 and older—and is only expected to rise as more Baby Boomers become senior citizens. Weight loss through calories reduction or exercise are generally good for most people as an intervention in obesity, althoughContinue reading “Safe weight loss for seniors through diet and exercise”

Resveratrol influences belly fat behavior

Fat can not only be unsightly, but if it’s sitting on your belly, may also contribute to overproduction of signaling hormones called adipokines, which are linked to metabolic changes that can worsen health. New research from Aarhus University has found that abdominal adipose tissue extracted from overweight adults, and then exposed to resveratrol, exhibited reducedContinue reading “Resveratrol influences belly fat behavior”