Evolving Health

Monthly Archives: January 2009

A study published in 2005 evaluated levels of C-reactive protein in sedentary men and women when placed on an exercise training program for five months. The patients significantly reduced the C-reactive proteins in the blood.  High levels of C-reactive protein in the blood indicates inflammation associated with heart disease, stroke and hypertension.  The patients who exercised also produced marked changes in body weight, glucose, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and blood pressure. … Read More

More research is needed to determine if hyperhomocysteinemia may be a risk factor to heart disease, but if it is, then that’s just another reason to eat less meat (1). Eating meat increases levels of homocysteine in the blood (1). Leafy greens and a variety of fruits in the diet supplies folic acid and B vitamins, which help break homocysteine down (1). Vitamin B12 (almost exclusive to meat) helps as well so choosing to… Read More

Just because fats don’t have a direct affect on heart disease, it doesn’t mean they shouldn’t be worried about. Saturated fats and trans fats increase LDL cholesterol in the blood (1) creating a greater situation of LDL oxidation, which contributes to inflammation that is the cause of heart disease. A diet with a high ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 oils creates a proinflammatory state (2), which also enhances risk.  Through knowledge of fats… Read More

The medical establishment in the U.S. has been professing benefits of controlling cholesterol since 1985, because of research linking cholesterol to atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease (1). Short sighted, however, is the regard to these diseases as based completely on excess cholesterol as often assumed (2-3).  New research has proved that an assay of C-reactive proteins in the blood can predict coronary artery events (2). The higher C-reactive proteins are in the… Read More

Should antipyretic therapy be used at all? A fever is a natural response to infections, toxins, immunologic diseases or injury in many a warm-blooded animal (1p58). It can help enhance immune system function and filtering out of infection through phagocytosis (1p58). The elevated temperature also can interfere with bacteria’s ability to grow and reproduce (1p58).  “Goods” of Antipyretic Therapies  A fever should max out at 105 degrees Fahrenheit, but if it reaches… Read More

I’ve got a fever right now that’s driving my head crazy. After reading my Pathophys chapters I’ve got a wet cloth on my forehead. But still it’s making it very difficult to take the dive into my exam.  Pain stinks. I’m strongly considering that Tylenol/Motrin combination. But, no…  While multimodual analgesic combinations such as Tylenol and Motrin do provide significantly more pain relief, the safety of this kind of use has not been… Read More

Acetaminophen like Tylenol depletes glutathione and damages the liver (1), but chances are people won’t be getting away from using them anytime soon. What can be done is help protect the liver from damage induced through supplementation.  Silymarin (from milk thistle) may serve as a support while taking acetaminophen. In a rat study, acetaminophen decreased glutathione and glycogen quickly (1). Unlike the control, rats taking silymarin showed no significant increase in lipid peroxidation… Read More

The earliest cell is thought to have emerged at least 3.8 billion years ago at a time when the environment was anaerobic in nature (1-2). It is suggested that simple organic molecules formed and gave rise to a self-replicating RNA that found itself within a phospholipid membrane (2).    The evolution of metabolism began with glycolysis (2), the sequence of reactions would produce life’s universal energy source: ATP (1-3). Photosynthesis and oxidative… Read More

At the molecular level of life matters may be small and energy gains and losses seemingly insignificant, but a broad understanding of biochemistry leads to profound, larger conclusions of cell biology and the energy of which is ultimately the existence of life. Just as the smallest ingredient such as a dash of salt can change the flavor of a recipe, the cell can be affected by the slightest difference that ultimately means life or death. Biochemical knowledge, in short, is fundamental for comprehending cells. And because cell biology is fundamental to… Read More

Hemolytic anemia Within the cytoplasmic matrix of a red blood cell occurs an anaerobic pathway of glucose catabolism known as glycolysis consisting of 10 reactions (1). The enzyme that catalyzes the last reaction is pyruvate kinase (1). The reaction is one of two that produces ATP and also pyruvate, the molecule generally converted to acetyl CoA for entry into aerobic respiration (1). A deficiency of pyruvate kinase results in low ATP levels… Read More